Structure of attestation work

Attestation work, like other written final theses, has its framework structure, consisting of three load-bearing parts containing several mandatory components whose basic attributes are closer to each other.

Attestation work, like other written final theses, has its framework structure, consisting of three load-bearing parts containing several mandatory components whose basic attributes are closer to each other.

Initial part of attestation work

Cover of attestation work

The package contains the following basic information:

  • name of university, university, faculty, institution – provider of continuous education, implementer of attestation (font type: TNR, 16, bold)
  • exact wording of attestation work (name or subtitle: font type TNR, 16, bold)
  • type of work: attestation work – state the type of attestation (to the first / second attestation), (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • titles, name and surname of the author (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • year of publication (font type: TNR, 14, bold)

Cover sheet of attestation work

It represents so-called. internal packaging of the attestation work, while adding more comprehensively to some data and providing information on:

  • name of university, university, faculty, institution – provider of continuous education, implementer of attestation (font type: TNR, 16, bold)
  • title of attestation work (or subtitle), (font type: TNR, 16, bold)
  • type of work: attestation work – state the type of attestation (to the first / second attestation), (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • thematic area: (eg: learning process objectives, curriculum, educational standards), (font type: TNR, 12)
  • Teaching subject / pedagogical / professional activity: (font type: TNR, 12)
  • Field of Study / Program: (eg: Primary School Teacher Training), (Font Type: TNR, 12)
  • pedagogical / professional category: (font type: TNR, 12)
  • subcategory of pedagogical / professional employee: (font type: TNR, 12)
  • educational attainment for the purposes of attestation: (eg: university degree II), (font type: TNR, 12)
  • author’s workplace: (font type: TNR, 12)
  • title, name and surname of the author (font type: TNR, 14, bold)
  • place and year of issue (font type: TNR, 14, Bold)

Declaration of Honor

In this part, the author of the submitted work declares that he prepared the attestation work independently using information sources, which he presents according to the standards in the final section under the title “List of Bibliographic References”. It also includes the author’s handwritten signature. This section may be followed by “Acknowledgments,” but is not a mandatory part of the final written work.

Abstract in the state language and in the foreign language

Abstract expresses the main idea of ​​attestation work and with its character informative and briefly tells about the topic, goal, methods, solving problems or meaning of attestation work for practice. It is a compulsory part of the thesis, and it is written as a concise text in one paragraph, ranging from 100 to 500 words. It also includes keywords (the recommended number of keywords: 5), which we sort according to the degree of concretization (that is, we proceed from general to specific). In addition to the abstract in the state language, its language version is also necessary for integration into international information systems (most often English mutation). Individual abstract versions are listed on a separate page.

Formal Requirements of Abstract: (Font Type: TNR, 12

Author’s name, surname and titles: Title of work. [First / Second Attestation Work]. Name of college, university, faculty, institution – provider of continuous education, implementer of attestation. Year of preparation. Scope of work (number of pages or characters).

This section is followed by the aforementioned brief text section, ending with a keyword listing.

Content of the work

It is a compulsory part of the final thesis, which points out the structure of the work, ie it gives an overview of the numbered and unnumbered parts of the diploma thesis. Content is usually formatted on one page. Its main goal is to facilitate the reader’s orientation in the core of his work. At the same time, based on the titles of chapters, the author identifies the subject to the reader, which means that the professional reader is able to predict to some extent what will be discussed in the individual chapters or subchapters of the diploma thesis.

Main part of attestation work


The introduction is an important input text part of the paper, which, in a more detailed and substantive manner, defines a substantial goal of attestation work, from which several partial goals can be derived, to which the author, through his elaborate work structure, aims to fulfill. It is a suitable space for bringing the thematic focus of the work closer together or specifying the meaning of the problem. It is precisely at the beginning of the work that the reader should be cleared about what was the motive or stimulus determining the choice of the topic, the interesting and significant the area of ​​research is and how it can be beneficial for practical use. On the basis of entering the issue, the reader acquaints with the head of the work line, which should be defined in the introduction by means of paragraphs, briefly and clearly describing the content of individual chapters. In this way, the reader obtains preliminary information about what the author is trying to achieve.

It follows that at the beginning of the work it is necessary to explain:

  • choice of topic: relevant reason why the author chose the given issue (eg: the author has long encountered the mentioned problem in education and argues that it is necessary to implement measures for change in order to increase the effectiveness of the teaching process, etc.)
  • topicality of the topic: to confirm that it is a topic that has been preoccupied in practice; higher structures, etc.,
  • goal: to clearly define and describe in more detail the fundamental objective of
  • secondary goals: to formulate partial tasks towards the main goal,
  • content orientation of individual chapters with emphasis on theoretical background.

Formal recommendation:

  • from a range point of view, it is advisable not to exceed 2 pages.

The core

The core of the attestation work is edited in chapters and subchapters, whose titles cannot be an end in themselves, and their arrangement must be logical, so that the ideas analyzed in each unit will follow each other. In view of this, it is formally desirable not to underestimate the role of proportionality in the construction of the individual chapters and their subchapters. It follows that it is not appropriate for one chapter to contain two subchapters and the second chapter to nine subchapters, which creates an imbalance of individual parts of the attestation work. As already mentioned, the individual titles of chapters, subchapters and sections should be clearly and concisely named in relation to the thematic focus of work, and their configuration presented in the content of the attestation work should not show signs of excessive division, as it creates the impression of fragmentation and consequent opacity.

Formal Recommendations:

  • it is important to note that from a formal point of view, the number indicating the chapter is not written in a dot (see formal requirements for attestation work),
  • it is not advisable that the titles of the chapters or subchapters be formulated by means of a question (ie to avoid the nature of the quizzes and to formulate the word without question)
  • for greater clarity, list each separate chapter on the new page of work.

The core of the attestation work should include a theoretical analysis, respectively. analysis of the investigated phenomenon, which creates the prerequisites for the practical, empirical part. The justification of the theoretical line of attestation work is to acquaint the reader with the basic terminology apparatus, with the theoretical background that has a clear connection with the phenomenon solved.

Next in the section:

  • evaluates the state of the examined issue, thus providing the reader with an analytical overview of the current knowledge that is correlated with the object of investigation,
  • it analyzes the problem depending on the knowledge of the relevant literature, which tells the level of author’s ability to work with information from available information sources
  • on the basis of relevant argumentation, it adds theoretical input to its own attitudes and opinions to individual starting points and thus increases the level of authenticity and originality of attestation work. It is important to avoid merely an austere list of quotations, because enriching the theoretical theses of evaluation comments supports the linking character and the coherence of the text.

The theoretical part of the core of the diploma thesis creates the basic basis for understanding the primary goal of the work and the reader thus follows from the analysis of the problem, what the author wants to find out what phenomena will represent the object of his research and thus the author can contribute to solving the given issue. For example, the objective of the attestation work may be to develop a methodological design, new study materials, teaching aids, or implement or use new techniques, tools, or practices in a given discipline. With the aspiration to achieve this goal, the author describes the methodological procedure for fulfilling the main purpose of the work, eventually the secondary tasks defined for the purpose of penetration into the essence of the examined issue. The team is moving towards the empirical part of the nucleus, which is the carrier and is also used as an experimental or research study. The author presents and evaluates research results, presents his own opinion and view, presents a concrete proposal for solving a defined problem, which is based on obtaining and analyzing data in a longer time frame and informs the reader about his practice recommendations. A frequent drawback of the empirical part is that the obtained data and information are presented in a descriptive (descriptive) level. It should be substituted by consistent analysis, finding the causes, clarifying the conclusions with an emphasis on the author’s own approach to problem solving and its opinions.

Recommendations for the core part of attestation work:

in relation to the interpretation of results: For quantitative research, we recommend interpreting research results using graphical representation, tables, and so on in order to be more transparent. Each table, whether the graph must have its number, name and explanation of the abbreviations used, ie. legend. An essential drawback in the interpretation phase is that the author does not mention the relevant question in the tabular or graphic representation. Just a descriptive plane of tables / graphs is not sufficient, ie. a description of the state that is obvious from the table / graph. It is necessary to add a description of the findings and to evaluate the results in relation to the issue.

in relation to practice recommendations: Recommendations should be innovative and, by their nature, present something new that has not yet been analyzed and addressed. They can also define and clarify the problems that the author may encounter when investigating a similar phenomenon, with emphasis on suggestions for action. The recommendations are based both on the defined objectives of the work and the tasks to be solved, as well as on the unexpected situations that will arise in solving the examined issue.

It follows that the basic parts of the core work are:

  • analysis and evaluation of the defined question (issue) in domestic and foreign environment (recommended range: max. 30% of work)
  • the main objective and secondary objectives that determine the fulfillment of the main purpose of the work,
  • methodology and methodological procedure of research (observation in pedagogical research, questionnaire, interview, content analysis, etc.)
  • the results of the work and the actual solution to the material problems
  • discussion and recommendations (it is a key part of the work, and should be 30-40% of the work).


The conclusion briefly summarizes the results of the whole work in the context of the defined objectives. It characterizes the primary goal of the attestation work and its partial objectives, which it evaluates and declares whether the tasks are set out and how they were fulfilled. Based on the factual and concise evaluation of the results (ie, for which the author worked out), he completes the practice recommendations and explains their meaning. It should be pointed out that the conclusion does not create a space for a detailed description or explication of these attributes, but is merely a brief assessment of the work as a complete unit, which must be a logical continuity of interpretation, reasoning and argument in the core.

Recommendations for concluding the attestation work:

  • to avoid theorizing, to emphasize factual conclusions, to summarize, the author’s own contribution (its creativity), meaning and use for practice
  • to formulate the author’s own opinions in answering the question: Has the objective been met with the secondary task of work? What did the author do with his findings and what did he contribute to? Have new knowledge been revealed and what is its validity? What is the meaning of attestation work?
  • for the sake of clarity and consistency, the conclusion should not exceed 1-2 pages in scope.

List of bibliographic references

The list of bibliographic references is an overview, respectively. a record of all sources from which the author based his concept of attestation, which he actually used, quoted, or paraphrased, while their presentation must respect the set rules, which we explain when clarifying the formal requirements of the work (valid standard STN ISO 690). It is therefore essential to emphasize two facts:

  • sources with acceptance of a standard setting the form of registration are listed in alphabetical order,
  • the list contains information sources from which the author actually drew, ie that the created overview maps all the sources the author used to work in writing and to which he refers.